The people and events that shaped this week in history.
1945 – The United States conducts its first test of the Atomic Bomb at the Trinity bomb site in central New Mexico.
1951 – Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger is published.
1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr. dies when plane crashes into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts.
1954 – The Brooklyn Dodgers made history as the first team with a majority of black players.
1955 – Disneyland opens in California. The $17 million theme park was built on 160 acres of former orange groves in Anaheim, California.
2011 – Casey Anthony released from jail in Orlando, Florida. This was 12 days after being acquitted on charges that she killed her two-year-old daughter Caylee.
1925 – Mein Kampf is published. It was a blueprint of Hitler’s agenda for a Third Reich and a clear exposition of the nightmare that will envelope Europe from 1939 to 1945. In its first year, the book sold a total of 9,473 copies.
1940 – FDR nominated for unprecedented third term. FDR, who first took office in 1933 as the 32nd president, would eventually be elected to a record four terms in office, the only U.S. President to serve more than two terms.
2001 – A train derailed, involving 60 cars, in a Baltimore train tunnel. The fire that resulted lasted for six days and virtually closed down downtown Baltimore for several days.
1799 – Rosetta Stone is found during Napoleon Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign, discovers a black basalt slab inscribed with ancient writing near the town of Rosetta, about 35 miles north of Alexandria.
1971 – In New York, the topping out ceremony for Two World Trade Center (South Tower) took place. The ceremony for One World Trade Center had taken place on December 23, 1970.
1979 – Two supertankers collide of the island of Little Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, killing 26 crew members and spilling 280,000 tons of crude oil into the sea.
1969 – Neil Armstrong walks on the moon, and says “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” He was the first human to walk on the surface of the moon.
1984 – Alton Coleman and Debra Brown, a serial-killing couple, are apprehended after a two-month crime spree that left eight people dead and several others injured. The crime spree spanned the Midwest, including Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky. Coleman was executed in Ohio in 2002 by lethal injection. Brown remains in prison in Ohio.
2012 – 12 people killed and 70 are wounded in the Colorado movie theater shooting. The shooter, James Holmes, was charged with 166 counts of murder, attempted murder and weapons charges.
1861 – The first Battle of Bull Run begins, which was the first major land battle of the Civil War.
1968 – Arnold Palmer became the first golfer to make a million dollars in career earnings after he tied for second place at the PGA Championship.
2007 – The seventh and final Harry Potter book, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, is released.
1923 – John Dillinger joins the Navy to avoid charges of auto theft in Indiana, marking the beginning of America’s most notorious criminal’s downfall. Years later, Dillinger robbed more banks in a 12-month span, which was more than Jesse James did in 15 years. He also became the most wanted fugitive in the nation.
1991 – Cannibal and serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is caught and arrested. He was later killed in prison by an inmate in 1994. Dahmer confessed to killing 17 people all together, dating back to 1978.
2000 – Astronomers at the University of Arizona announced that they had found a 17th moon orbiting Jupiter.